Society of Jakarta is the centre for many health centers in Indonesia. There are over two dozen major hospitals, such as those operated directly from the Department of Health, the Ancient Rome Catholic Church, along with a Protestant mission. Municipal hospitals serve different regions of the city. Additionally, there are various hundred overall clinics or polyclinics found via the city. A quarantine hospital is in operation in Tanjung Priok. The town also operates a hospital and rehabilitation centre for the emotional illness and destitute, and there are many family-planning and child-care clinics.
To meet the requirements for primary education, many brand new primary schools and secondary schools have been built, and a number of older school buildings have been renovated. There’s a well-developed system of kindergartens, primary schools, madrasahs (religious schools), secondary schools, and high schools. There are also many professional and unique schools and over 100 universities, academies, and institutes for higher learning. The largest and best-known university is the University of Indonesia (based 1950).
Among other cultural activities, the Taman Ismail Marzuki centre has facilities for traditional and classical art performances as well as theatres for presenting contemporary plays and concerts; the centre also has a planetarium. Traditional performances include wayang dance and play, gamelan music, and wayang kulit shadow-play puppet shows. Traditional performances representing the culture of other portions of Indonesia are included in the programs presented in the annual Jakarta Fair.
Extensive public recreation spots in and around Jakarta include a seaside recreation area in Ancol along with the Ragunan Zoological Gardens near Pasarminggu. The latter homes such indigenous animals as Komodo dragons, Sumatran tigers, and orangutans. Playgrounds Incorporate the Taman Ria and the Taman Ria Remaja complexes. The fairgrounds, designed as an exhibition facility, opened in 1992. Jakarta’s historic section highlights the city’s Dutch influence. Though some of the buildings there were destroyed in the nineteenth century, a major restoration project got under way in the 70s. The 250-acre (100-hectare) Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Beautiful Indonesia in Miniature) park, just southeast of the city, contains exhibits of traditional homes representing each of Indonesia’s provinces. The town also provides public recreation facilities.